Bibliography
on the Looting and Protecting of Cultural Heritage  

In an effort to make the legacy of the Monuments Men and Women more broadly known, we have listed every non-fiction publication concerning art looting or the protection of monuments during World War II that we have come across in our many years of research.

Included are works in English, German, Italian, French and Polish, and while this is assuredly not a complete list, it is certainly comprehensive.  The Foundation has copies of most of these publications, many of which are no longer in print. The list appears in chronological order, beginning with an Italian publication from 1940, to current.

We welcome comments from others providing us with the name and publishing information of any publications not included on this list that should be added. Please send such information to: info @ monumentsmenandwomenfnd.org.

Year
Author
Title
Location: Publisher
1940
Marino, Lazzari
L'azione per l'arte
Florence: Le Monnier
1941
Reveille, Thomas
The spoil of Europe
New York: Norton
1942
Seymour, Charles
Yale at War: An American University Accepts the Challenge
Life Magazine
1942
Marino, Lazzari
La Protezione del Patrimonio Artistico Nazionale dalle Offese della Guerra Aerea
Florence: Casa Editrice Felice Le Monnier
1942
Stout, George
Preservation of Paintings in Wartime
Cambridge: William Hayes Fogg Art Museum
1943
Report on measures taken by agencies of the federal government to protect records, library holdings, museum collections, and works of art against enemy air attack and other hazards of war.
Washington: Committee on Conservation of Cultural Resources
1944
Florisoone, Michel
La commission franaise de récuperation artistique (French commission to recover artworks)
Paris: Mouseion
1944
Norris, Christopher
The Museo Filangieri
London: The Burlington Magazine Publications
1944
Mihan, George
Looted Treasure: Germany's Raid on Art
London: Alliance Press Limited
1944
Posner, Ernst
Memorandum concerning the protection and salvage of cultural objects and records in war areas
Washington: American Council of Learned Societies
1944
War damage to libraries and archives in Europe and the Far East.
Washington: American Council of Learned Societies Devoted to Humanistic Studies. Committee for the Protection of Cultural Treasures in War Areas
1944
Metternich, Franz Wolff
Die Denkmalpflege in Frankreich (The preservation of historic buildings and monuments in France)
Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 1944
1944
Robinson, Nehemiah
Indemnification and reparations: Jewish aspects.
New York: Institute of Jewish Affairs
1944
Archival repositories in Germany. War Department Pamphlet No. 31-180.
Washington: War Department
1944
Estreicher, Karola
Cultural Losses of Poland: Index of Polish Cultural Losses during the German Occupation
London
1944
Moorehead, Caroline
The lost treasures of Troy
London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
1944
Field protection of objects of art and archives. War Department Pamphlet No. 31-103
Washington: War Department
1944
Preservation and use of key records in Germany. War Department Pamphlet No. 31-123
Washington: War Department
1945
Vlug, Jean
Report on Objects Removed from Germany from Holland, Belgium, and France during the German Occupation of the Countries
Amsterdam: Report of Stichting Nederlands Kunstbesit
1945
Fasola, Cesare
Le Gallerie di Firenze e la Guerra - The Florence Galleries & the War
Florence: Casa Editrice Monsalvato
1945
MFA&A (British Committee on the Preservation and Restitution of Works of Art, Archives and other Materials in Enemy Hands)
Works of Art in Italy: Losses and survivals in the war. Vol. 1 South of Bologna
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1945
Rousseau, Theodore
The Goering Collection
Washington: Office of Strategic Service
1945
Comnène, Nicholas Petrescu
Firenze “città aperta.” Contributo per la storia dell’occupazione tedesca in Italia
Florence: Vellecchi
1946
Howe Jr., Thomas Carr
Salt Mines and Castles: The Discovery and Restitution of looted European Art
New York: Bobbs-Merrill Company
1946
Braun, Hugh
Works of art in Malta: losses and survivals in the war
London: HMSO for the British Committee on the Preservation and Restitution of Works of Art, Archives and Other Material in Enemy Hands
1946
Hammond, Mason
War and art treasures in Germany
College Art Assoication
1946
American Commission
Report of The American Commission for the Protection & Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments '46
U.S. Government Printing Office
1946
Robinson, Nehemiah
Indemnification and reparations
New York: Institute of Jewish Affairs
1946
MFA&A (British Committee on the Preservation and Restitution of Works of Art, Archives and other Materials in Enemy Hands)
Works of Art in Germany (British Zone of Occupation): losses and survivals in the war.
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1946
La Farge, Henry, ed.
Lost Treasures of Europe (427 Photographs)
New York: Pantheon Books
1946
Baard, H.P.
Kunst In Schuilkelders: de odyssee der nationale kunstschatten gedurende de oorlogsjaren 1939-45
S’Gravenhage: D.A. Daamen
1946
Art Looting Investigation Unit: final report
Washington: War Department, Strategic Services Unit
1946
Foundoukidis, Euripide
The work of the International Museums Office and associated organizations during the period June 1940-January 1945
Paris: International Museums Office
1946
Kuhn, Charles L.
German Paintings in the National Gallery: A Protest
College Art Assoication
1946
MFA&A (British Committee on the Preservation and Restitution of Works of Art, Archives and other Materials in Enemy Hands)
Works of Art in Italy: Losses and survivals in the war. Vol. 2 North of Bologna
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1946
Davies, Martin and I. Rawlins.
War-time storage in Wales of pictures from the National Gallery, London: the course of events, some technical problems.
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1946
MFA&A (British Committee on the Preservation and Restitution of Works of Art, Archives and other Materials in Enemy Hands)
Works of Art in Austria (British Zone of Occupation): Losses and survivals in the war
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1946
MFA&A (British Committee on the Preservation and Restitution of Works of Art, Archives and other Materials in Enemy Hands)
Works of Art in Greece, the Greek Islands, and the Dodacanese: Losses and survivals in the war
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1946
Eggen, J. B.
"La commission Américaine pour la protection et le sauvetage des monuments d'art et d'histoire dans les zones de guerre (The American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments in War Areas)".
Paris: Mouseion
1946
MFA&A (British Committee on the Preservation and Restitution of Works of Art, Archives and other Materials in Enemy Hands)
Works of Art in Malta: Losses and survivals in the war
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1946
Coremans, Paul B.
La protection scientifique des oeuvres d'art en temps de guerre: l'expérience européenne pendant les années 1939 à 1945.
Brussels: Laboratoire central des musées de Belgique
1946
Hancock, Walter
Experiences of a Monuments Officer in Germany
College Art Assoication
1946
Les Chefs d'oeuvres des collections privées françaises retrouvée en Allemagne
Paris: Musée de l'Orangerie
1946
Plaut, James
Loot for the Master Race
Atlantic Monthly
1947
Jenkinson, Hilary and H. E. Bell
Italian archives during the war and its close
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1947
Répertoire des biens spoliés en France durant la guerre, 1939-1945... List of property removed from France during the war 1939-1945
Berlin: Impr. Nationale
1947
Giles, Robert S
Archival and library restitution in the United States Zone of Germany: a preliminary study.
Washington: American School of Social Sciences
1947
British Committee for Preservation & Restitution of Works of Art & Other Materials
Italian Archives During the War and at its Close
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1947
Flanner, Janet
Beautiful Spoils, II – Collector with Luftwaffe [article]
The New Yorker, pp. 33-49
1947
Woolley, Sir Leonard
Record of the Work done by the Military Authorities for the Protection of the Treasures of Art and History in War Areas
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1947
Lavagnino, Emilio
Cinquanta Monumenti Italiani Danneggiati dalla Guerra
Rome: Associazione Nazionale Per Il Restauro
1947
Woolley, Sir Leonard
The Protection of the Treasures of Art and History in War Areas
London: H.M. Stationery Office
1947
Linklater, Eric
Art of Adventure
London: McMillan
1947
Flanner, Janet
Beautiful Spoils, III – Monuments Men [article]
The New Yorker, pp. 38-55
1947
Office of the United States Chief Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality
Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression: Opinion and Judgment [chapter: The Plunder of Art Treasures]
U.S. Government Printing Office
1947
Cassou, Jean
Pillage par les Allemands des Oeuvres d'Art et des Bibliothéques appartenant à des Juifs en France
Paris: Editions du Centre
1947
Flanner, Janet
Men and Monuments Monuments: Profiles of Picasso, Matisse, Braque & Malraux.
New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers
1947 Feb.
Flanner, Janet
Beautiful Spoils, I – A.H., Linz [article]
The New Yorker, pp. 31-48
1948
Skilton, Jr., John D.
Defense de l'Art Européen: souvenirs d'un officier americain specialiste des monuments
Paris: Les Editions Internationales
1948
Molajoli, Bruno
Musei Ed Opere D'Arte Di Napoli - Attraverso la Guerra
Naples: Soprintendenza Alle Gallerie
1948
Skilton, Jr., John D.
Memoirs of a Monuments Officer : Protecting European Artworks
Oregon: Inkwater Press
1948
Bianchi Bandinelli, Ranuccio
Dal diario di un borghese
Milan: Mondadori
1948
Congress. Senate
Committee on Armed Services. Temporary retention in the U.S. of certain German paintings.
Washington: Government Printing Office
1949
De Visscher, Charles
International protection of works of art and historic monuments. International Information and Cultural Series 8
Washington: State Departments
1949
Post-war foreign policy preparation, 1939-1945. General Foreign Policy Series 15.
Washington: State Department
1949
Breitenbach, Edgar
Historical survey of the Intelligence Department, MFAA Section, in OMGB, 1946-1949
1949
Hartt, Frederick
Florentine Art Under Fire
New Jersey: Princeton University Press
1950
Siviero, Rodolfo
Arte e Nazismo: esodo e ritorno delle opera d'arte italiano 1938-1963
Florence: Cantini
1950
Ministero Della Pubblica Istruzione
La Ricostruzione del Patrimonio Artistico Italiano
Rome: La Libreria Dello Stato
1950
Tomkiewicz, Wladyslaw
Catalogue of paintings moved from Poland by the German occupation authorities during the years 1939-1945. I. Foreign Paintings.
Warsaw: Ministry of Culture and Art
1950
Siviero, Rodolfo
Seconda mostra nazionale delle opere d’arte recuperate in Germania
Florence: Sansoni
1950
Rorimer, James J.
Survival: The Salvage and Protection of Art in War
New York: Abelard Press Inc.
1950
Lorentz, Stainslaw
Canada refused to return Polish cultural treasures
Warsaw: National Museum
1951
Kelleher, Patrick
The Holy Crown of Hungary
Rome: American Academy in Rome
1952
Norris, Christopher
The Disaster at Flakturm Friedrichshain
London: The Burlington Magazine Publications
1952
Methuen, Lord
Normandy Diary - Survivals and Losses in NW France, Island of Walcheren & Belgium 1944-45
London: Robert Hale Limited
1952
Burr, Nelson R.
Safeguarding our cultural heritage: a bibliography on the protection of museums, works of art, monuments, archives and libraries in time of war
Washington: Library of Congress
1954
Lehmann-Haupt, Hellmut
Art Under a Dictatorship
New York: Oxford University Press
1957
Pars, H.H.
Pictures in Peril
New York: Oxford University Press
1958
Poste, Leslie Irlyn
Development of US Protection of Libraries and Archives in Europe during World War II
PhD Dissertation, Graduate Library School, The University of Chicago
1958
Noblecourt, André
Protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict
Paris: UNESCO
1960
Treue, Wilhelm
Art Plunder
Methuen & Co Ltd
1961
Valland, Rose
Le Front de L'Art; défense des collections francaises, 1939-1945
Paris: Librairie Plon
1962
Haus der Kunst
Entartete Kunst: Bildersturm vor 25 Jahren
Munich: Ausstellungsleitung München e. V. Haus der Kunst
1963
Brenner, Hildegard
Die Kunstpolitik des Nationalsozialismus
Reibeck, Hamburg: Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag
1963
Ebert, Hans
Kriegsverluste der Dresdener Gemäldegalerie: vernichtete und vermisste Werke
Dresden: Staatliche Kunstsammlungen
1964
Mosse, George L
The crisis of German ideology: intellectual origins of the Third Reich
New York: Grosset & Dunlap
1965
Bernhard, Marianne and Kurt Martin
Verlorene Werke der Malerei
Munich: Friedrich Adolf Ackermanns Kunstverlag
1965
Roxan, David and Ken Wanstall
Rape of Art: Hitler’s Plunder of the Great Masterpieces of Europe
New York: Coward-McCann, Inc.
1966
Esterow, Milton
The Art Stealers
New York: MacMillan Co. (revised edition printed in 1973)
1968
Mosse, George L.
Nazi culture: intellectual, culture and social life in the Third Reich.
New York: Grosset & Dunlap
1970
Speer, Albert
Inside the Third Reich
New York: Avon
1971
Balabkins, Nicholas
West German reparations to Israel
New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press
1971
Simon, Matila
Battle of the Louvre: the Struggle to Save French Art in World War II
New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc.
1972
Kagan, Saul and Ernest H. Weisman
Report on the operations of the Jewish Restitution Successor Organization, 1947-1975.
New York: Jewish Restitution Successor Organization
1973
Meyer, Karl E.
The plundered past
New York: Atheneum
1973
Maser, Werner
Hitler's letters and notes
New York: Harper and Row
1973
Esterow, Milton
The Art Stealers